History Of 3D Animation (Post Four From primitive animation to modern)

After the inventions of many older smaller devices that could produce little animations, how did this turn into animation on a large scale in the cinema. Well by now the animators new all the basic principle of animation from the frames to movement, but what they needed now was something to make them longer and to be able to project them.

A magic lantern as they were called was an early form of projector it consisted of had painted and photographic glass plates that when light was shone though it displayed a larger image. This was a large leap forwards to the development of the moving picture as they were the most frequently use projection device.  The majority of the fact suggest that the magic l was invented by Christiaan Huygens he describes a similar device in his 1671 version ‘The Great Science of Light and dark’, By the mid 18th centenary magic lanterns were used to project shows and were a very popular form of entertainment. The early forms of lantern show used simple silhouettes, but as the shows became more popular the slides were also enhanced to create a more developed form of entertainment. The first most developed slides had subtitled images and in the 1850’s photographic slides were produced.

Chreutoscope – This was developed in 1866 by L.S Beale this device allowed the slide count to be increased that could be displayed in rapid succession the result of this was a moving image.


Zoopraiscope – Around the time of 1879 Wadweard Muybridge invented a device that could allow the images from his motion studies to be displayed through a magic lantern to creat a single moving figure.


This is how the fundermentals of animation begun and the basis of flim making from the Disney animation to modern clay stop motion the principals have still remains the same.


(2008, The Animation Bible, Maureen Furniss)

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